Haryana – Family commits suicide after Dalit girl’s rape #Vaw


Haryana’s harsh reality: How a rape ruined a family
Sushil Manav
Tribune News Service

Blood lust mars India’s Tiananmen moment #Vaw #delhigangrape

Bhairi Akbarpur (Hisar), Apr 28
Rape cases have nearly doubled in Haryana in the first three months of the year, according to government figures. Till March 31, 214 rape cases were reported as against 121 in the same period last year. Exactly a week ago, a family of five consumed poison in Bheri Akbarpur village, 50 km from Hisar, allegedly tormented by the police over the whereabouts of their elder daughter, who is missing after being raped last year, and on account of poverty.

An eerie silence prevails in the one-room dilapidated house where Mohan (all names changed to protect identity), his wife Sunita, their 13-year-old daughter Sandhya and sons Amit (11) and Rajiv (9) consumed celphos in the early hours of Monday. Mohan is the lone survivor and is recuperating in PGIMS, Rohtak.

Mohan’s eldest daughter, all of 15, was allegedly kidnapped and raped for two days by a villager, Rohtash, on May 15, 2012. He was arrested on May 17 and has been on trial for rape and abduction. On July 6, 2012, the victim disappeared. Mohal alleged that not only would the police keep pressing him to locate her, but the family had been suffering humiliation at the hands of the villagers as well.

While the suicide by the family has shaken the conscience of people across the state, those living around Mohan’s house seemed indifferent to the tragedy. “We had no interaction with the family,” says Ram Kumar, Mohan’s immediate neighbour. Mohan, a Dalit, had bought this house in an area of upper caste Jats after selling his old house some time back.

Ram Kumar says Mohan would usually leave in the morning for neighbouring Uklana town about 1.5 km from the village with his loading rickshaw, which he used to rent out. “His wife used to work as and when she got work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme. The three children used to go to school. The family seldom interacted with others in the village,” he adds.

Inquiries reveal that the family had been living in isolation ever since Mohan’s 15-year-old daughter eloped twice, was raped and then disappeared within two months of her recovery last July. In fact, Mohan had sold off his house in the Dalit Basti at the south end of the village and purchased a rundown house in the north end where upper caste Jats and others lived to escape taunts from his community members.

“We tried to counsel him and advised him to marry off his daughter after we heard of her first elopement. But he did not listen to us and, instead, shifted to a new neighbourhood,” say Mohan’s uncles Kanshi Ram and Dayanand amid receiving mourners.

“Mohan went into a shell after his daughter disappeared and did not discuss his problems with anyone,” says Dayanand. “We did not know he was under immense police pressure to produce his missing daughter. They wanted to produce her in a Hisar court on April 30 to record her statement. We came to know about this only after the family consumed poison.”

The day Mohan and his family consumed poison, the SHO of Uklana police station is alleged to have told Mohan to find his daughter and warned him of dire consequences if he failed to do so.

“Ladki ko dhoond ke la nahi to tujhe ulta taang doonga (find the girl or I will hang you),” he is alleged to have said. The SHO has since been sent on leave by the SP, though the allegation has been denied by the police.

“My nephew did not know his daughter’s whereabouts. How could he have produced him before the SHO?” asks Kanshi Ram.

Villagers also say the family’s financial condition was bad and Mohan had sold his rickshaw some days back. Mohan told mediapersons from the hospital that his children had not eaten in two days. He said other members of his family chose to end their lives with him rather than lead a “hopeless life”.

Unable to cope with police pressure, fed up with his poverty and with no support system to bank upon, Mohan appears to have taken the extreme step.

The Head Teacher of the Government Primary School in the village remembers 11-year-old Amit and nine-year-old Rajiv as good students, but sensitive by nature. “Both Amit and Rajiv were extremely good in studies and very docile and submissive. Children often quarrel and sometimes hit each other, but these boys would come to me teary-eyed if a classmate said anything,” says said Mohinder Singh. The girl Sandhya, who studied in the adjoining middle school, is also described as a quiet student, who did not have many friends in class.

Ironically, the children’s last journey was also quite silent, as very few villagers turned up at the cremation or to mourn their death.

Victims of circumstances

  • The family sold off its house in the Dalit Basti and purchased a rundown house where upper caste Jats and others lived to escape taunts from community members after its minor girl was raped
  • The day the family consumed poison, Uklana SHO is alleged to have told the girl’s father to find her and warned him of dire consequences if he failed to do so
  • Villagers say the family’s financial condition was bad and the rickshaw-puller had sold off his rickshaw some days back
  • The family had not eaten in two days at the time of the suicide and the rape victim’s father said other members chose to end their lives with him rather than lead a “hopeless life”

Mohan went into a shell after his daughter disappeared and did not discuss his problems with anyone. We did not know he was under immense police pressure to produce his missing daughter. They wanted to produce her in a Hisar court on April 30 to record her statement. We came to know about this only after the family consumed poison..
— Dayanand, Mohan’s uncle

Inter-caste marriages taking toll in jatland #Vaw


khap

, TNN | Apr 20, 2013,

ROHTAKInter-caste marriages, along with those of same gotra, are taking a toll on young couples and further deepening the rift between different castes in Haryana. In the last six days alone, three youths have lost their lives over relationships not given social sanction.

While an inter-caste marriage triggered an attack on dalits at Pabnama village in Kaithal district, a young dalit was brutally murdered for opposing his sister’s relationship with an upper caste youth in a Bhiwani village. In Rohtak, an upper caste girl student of Maharshi Dayanand University and her dalit friend of the same university committed suicide after their families opposed their relationship.

According to D R Chaudhary, the founder of Haryana Parivartan Manch, an NGO, the problem lies with the upper castes. “The caste bias is prevalent across social, political and administrative systems in Haryana. A girl from upper caste marrying into a low caste is strictlytaboo, while it is accepted if the boy is from upper caste,” said Chaudhary.

“This is especially common among Jats and Rod ahirs. These communities have muscle power, political power and are land owners. They can approve of their men having relations with dalit women, but go mad if a dalit man has a relationship with their women,” Chaudhary added.

According to him, absence of a powerful social reform movement against caste system in India, especially in Haryana, has been mainly responsible for this deep-rooted problem. “The new generation seems quite liberal in mixing up with cross communities but the elders still reign supreme in families when it comes to taking a decision about marriages,” he said.

Sube Singh Samain, a Haryana khap leader, said although khaps have decided to keep away from inter-caste marriage rows, young couples tying the nuptial knot need to have the approval of their families. “The opinion of families matters a lot. If they are against a relationship, then these couples should understand it and heed by the advice of their parents. Problems begin only when they don’t (go with the family’s wishes),” said Samain.

One week’s toll

April 14: Dalit boy Surya Kant marries upper caste girl Meena at Panbama village of Kaithal district, triggering an upper-caste backlash. While the couple managed to flee the village, lower caste villagers bear the brunt

April 16: Jaimal Kumar, a dalit, brutally murdered by an upper caste youth of Devsar village in Bhiwani district, for objecting to the advances made by the accused, from the upper caste, towards his sister

April 17: An upper caste girl student of MA economics in Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, commits suicide after her family disapproved of her plans to marry a dalit youth. Her boyfriend commits suicide a day later

 

Haryana – Ex-Armyman kills daughter for ‘honour’ #Vaw #honourkilling


TNN | Mar 30, 2013, 02.02 AM IST

ROHTAK: In a case of honour killing, a retired Army man allegedly strangulated his married daughter to death in Sherla village of Bhiwani district on Thursday, for tying the knot against his wishes.

The family cremated the body without informing the police in an attempt to destroy the evidence. The police, however, rushed to the village late Thursday after getting tipped off by some villager and started investigation. The police also contacted the victim’s husband, who lodged a complaint suspecting that she had been killed by her father.

The police registered a case under Section 302 (murder) and 201 (destruction of evidence) against Satpal, the accused father, and arrested him on Friday. According to police, the victim, identified as Shashi Rani, 21, was a student of BA final year in Hisar. She was having an affair with a youth Gautam Singh Khapadwas, 23, from a village in Bhiwani, who was also a student in the same college.

Police officers said the victim approached her family revealing about their relationship and expressed willingness to her. Though both did belonged to different castes, her father still objected to it and rejected the marriage proposal.

However, they eloped from their houses on February 28 and tied the knot at an Arya Samaj temple in Bahadurgarh of Jhajjar district the same day. The couple started living at a rented accommodation in Hisar after the marriage. However, the victim’s husband alleged that her father took her back to their village about a week back on the pretext that they had accepted the marriage.

Behal police SHO Ashok Sharma informed TOI that police rushed to the cremation ground on Thursday evening after some village informed about unnatural death of a young woman. The deceased’s father stated that she had died of electrocution during ironing clothes but failed to provide convincing replies to police questioning and finally confessed to have killed her on Thursday.

 

 

Dalits stopped from performing Holi puja in Haryana village #WTFnews


Holi Festival of Colors, Utah 2010 - Chalk Exp...

 

 

PTI Mar 28, 2013,TNN

ROHTAK: Schedule Caste (SC) families were stoppped from performing Holi pooja and assaulted allegedly by the members of upper caste at Jahangirpur village of Jhajjar district of Haryana. Police have started investigation into the matter but no case was registered in this regard even after two days of the incident.

The SC families have threatened to leave the village if the accused are not arrested by the police after registering a criminal case against them. A sizable number of people of Schedule Caste today met Jhajjar district police chief, Anil Dhawan, at his office and demanded registration of criminal case against the accused, alleging that they had been living in a state of trauma since the incident while the accused were roaming openly in the village.

 

 

They also urged deployment of sufficient number of police personnel at the village to avoid any untoward incident. While interacting with mediapersons here, Brahma Nand, a man belonging to SC, said they had been performing Holi pooja separately from the upper caste for several years to avoid any untoward incident during the festival. However, “the people of the upper caste not only misbehaved with women of our families by using derogatory languages but also prevented them from performing Holi pooja on Tuesday. The women and children were also manhandled when they resisted the act,” alleged Brahma Nand. Poonam, a woman, said they would have to leave the village if action was not taken against the accused in this regard.

The police authorities should ensure the safety and security of the SC families in the village, she added.

Anil Dhawan told that the case was being probed as people of upper caste also suffered injuries in the clash.

They had also met him and demanded a fair investigation into the matter.

“Statements of people of both the parties are being recorded to ascertain the facts. No one found guilty in the probe will be spared,” said the SP, adding the case would be registered after the preliminary investigation. He said police personnel were sent to the village immediately after getting the information about violence between the groups.

 

 

Haryana – Maruti Workers Union on launch of indefinite dharna ( English and Hindi )


March 26, 2013

We are on an indefinite dharna from 24 March 2013, and will go on an indefinite Hunger Strike from 28 March 2013, in Kaithal, Haryana in front of Kisan Bhavan, residence of State Industries Minister, R.S. Surjewala. Please join in solidarity and circulate this message as widely as possible.

Please check http://marutisuzukiworkersunion.wordpress.com/ for regular updates.

Inquilab Zindabad!-

Provisional Working Committee
MSWU

######

Join in Solidarity with our Struggle for Justice!
Support our indefinite Hunger Strike in Kaithal, Haryana against exploitation by the Company management-Government-Administration-Police machinery!

Workers and friends,

As much as the company-state nexus would like to think of us as having crushed our quest for justice, we the workers of Maruti Suzuki, Manesar are continuing with our struggle. You are aware because we raised our voice against exploiutation that 2300 of our fellow workers have been terminated from our jobs, 147 workers continue to languish in jail and have not been granted bail or even parole since 18th July 2012, and 65 of us still have non-bailable arrest warrant against us. Haryana state police are continuing to harass us and our family members and relatives or any pro-worker person who stands with us. Our struggle has continued in these 9 months trying to forge solidarities among other workers and toiling people. So, MSWU Provisional Working Committee member Iman Khan was picked up on 24th January 2013 and all the false cases from murder to looting and arson have also been thrust upon him, while his name did not figure in any FIR, Chargesheet or SIT report. Chief Minister of Haryana, Bhupinder Singh Hooda threatened us in our meeting with him on 21st February 2013, that we do another rally like we did on 27th January 2013 in Rohtak or continue with our struggle anywhere, he will arrest all of us and put us behind bars.

This is the award that our ‘democratic’ government gives us for questioning its model of development, and what kind and for whom is this ‘development’ that he is talking about? At the promise of this ‘development’ and ‘employment’, the government grabs the lands of poor farmers cheap and hands it over to companies. But the youth do not get any decent employment. The small numbers of us who do get some jobs, are exploited in horrible working conditions and low wage in the factories. When we spoke out against exploitation in work and even after that, we are thrown out of work and hounded and repressed by police and put in jails. When we ask for justice, the police and ministers arrest some more of us and harass us daily. This is how the Haryana government daily works openly for the interests of the capitalists like Suzuki, and against the interests of workers and peasants.

Knowing well that our spirit of struggle for justice is being tried to be extinguished by the corrupt, repressive government-administration which sits on the lap of capitalists, we are taking a pledge to continue and renew our struggle. We will not kneel down before unemployment, hunger and the repression. We will continue this struggle not only for us, but pledge to build and raise a powerful collective voice of workers and toiling people against unemployment, exploitation and repression. Upholding the legacy of Shaheed Bhagat Singh on the 82nd anniversary of his martyrdom day, we are on an indefinite dharna from 24 March 2013 in front of the residence of Haryana Industries Minister, Randip Singh Surjewala and we will go on an indefinite hunger strike from 28th March 2013. We the workers of Maruti Suzuki, with this hunger strike, take a pledge we will struggle continuously, not only for our economic rights but for the rights of all workers, and against inequality and injustice of all kinds in society. That this hunger strike of ours will signal a new unity of workers and toiling people in the country against the exploitation and repression by capitalists and rulers- this is our hope.

Inquilab Zindabad!

Provisional Working Committee

Maruti Suzuki Workers Union

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मारुति मज़दूरों के न्याय की लड़ाई में साथ दो!
कंपनी प्रबंधन-सरकार-प्रशासन व पुलिसतंत्र के दमन के खिलाफ संघर्षरत मज़दूरों का कैथल में चल रहे अनिश्चितकालीन भूख हड़ताल का समर्थन करें !

मज़दूर साथियो व नागरिकों,

जैसे की आपको पता है पिछले 8 महीनों में हम मारुति मज़दूरों को किसी भी प्रकार का न्याय नही मिला। 18 जुलाई 2012 में मारुति सुजुकी की मानेसर प्लांट में कंपनी प्रबंधन ने मज़दूरों की जायज मांगों को कुचलने के लिए प्लांट के अंदर गुंडे बुलवाकर उन्हें पिटवाया, साजिश के तहत आगजनी की गई जिसमे एक प्रबंधक की मौत हो गई जिसका आरोप मज़दूरों के उपर थोप दिया गया । इसी साजिश के तहत 546 स्थाई और 1800 ठेका मज़दूरों को बिना कोई जांच करवाये नौकरी से निकाल दिया गया और 147 मज़दूरों पर झूठे मुकदमे ठोककर जेल भिजवाया, जिसमें से किसी कि अभी तक जमानत भी नही हुई है । जेल में भी मज़दूरों के उपर काफ़ी शारीरिक व मानसिक अत्याचार किया जा रहा है । टी. बी., दमा, चर्मरोग जैसे गंभीर बीमारियों के बाद भी उचित इलाज और राहत नही दी जा रही है । इसके अलावा कंपनी की शह पर प्रशासन ने 65 मज़दूरों के खिलाफ गैरजमानती वारंट भी जारी कर रखा है । हरियाणा के गांवों में इन मज़दूरों के घर-घर पुलिस जा कर परिवारों के लोगों के उपर लगातार अत्याचार कर रही है । कभी किसी के भाई तो कभी किसी का रिश्तेदार को उठाकर थाने में ले जाने का सिलसिला चलाया जा रहा हैं । पिछले 24 जनवरी को प्रोविज़नल वर्किंग कमेटी के सदस्य ईमान खान, जिसका नाम किसी भी एफ. आई. आर में नही था, को पुलिस ने गैरक़ानूनी तरीके से प्रेस-वार्ता से गिरफ्तार करके जेल में डाल दिया । हम पिछले 8 महीनों में न्याय की उम्मीद में सरकार और प्रशासन के हर दरवाजे को खटखटाया, मंत्रियों से मिलें और अंत में हरियाणा के मुख्यमंत्री के पास भी गए, मगर हमे निराश हो कर वापस लौटना पड़ा । हरियाणा राज्य के उद्योग मंत्री रणदीप सिंह सुरजेवाला जी ने बोल दिया कि उनका काम पूंजीपतियों को उद्योग के लिए जमीन दिलवाना है, मज़दूरों को नौकरी वापस दिलवाना नहीं । और मुख्यमंत्री जी ने तो सीधा धमकी दिया, अगर तुमलोग रोहतक में फिर कोई कार्यक्रम करोगे तो सबको जेल में डाल देंगे ।

सरकार इस बात का प्रचार कर रही है की कंपनियों के खिलाफ बोलने से राज्य के विकास पर असर पड़ेगा । मगर क्या राज्य के नागरिकों को यह पूछने का हक नहीं है कि सरकार कैसी विकास और किसके विकास कि बात कर रही है? हरियाणा के किसानों कि जमीन को सस्ते दामों में खरीदकर और यहाँ के गरीब किसानों को बेरोजगार करने के बाद भी यहाँ के लड़कों को काम नही मिल रहा है, और जो भी काम मिल रहे हैं उनमें मज़दूरों की भारी मात्रा में शोषण व दमन हो रही है, जबकि हरियाणा की उसी जमीन से सुजुकी जैसे विदेशी पूंजीपति करोडो का मुनाफा पीट रहे हैं । मज़दूरों-किसानों के निर्मम शोषण पर टिकी हरियाणा सरकार पूंजीपतियों द्वारा मज़दूरों का और ज्यादा खून चूसने के लिए फैलाये जा रहे क्षेत्रवाद का भी समर्थन कर रही है । इसी वजह से पूंजीपति हरियाणा के नौजवानों को रोजगार ना देने की ऐलान कर रहे है ।

जरा सोचिये, आज जब 147 बेकसूर नौजवान 8 महीनों से जेल में बंद है, जब कैथल, जींद, यमुनानगर, रेवारी, करनाल आदि जगहों के गांवों में 500 से ज्यादा परिवार भूख और भीषण आर्थिक संकट का सामना कर रहा है और जेल में बंद दूर-दराज के मज़दूरों के परिजन किराये के अभाव में मिलाई तक नही करने नहीं आ पा रहे हैं और न्याय की प्रतीक्षा में हैं, जब कि सुजुकी कंपनी लगातार धमकी दे रही है कि हरियाणा के नौजवानों को नौकरी में नही लिया जायेगा, तब भी हमारे मुख्यमंत्री जी हरियाणा की पंचायतों तक को मारुति के मसले पर बात उठाने से रोक रहे हैं । मुख्यमंत्री जी का पहले कहना था कि एस. आई. टी. कि रिपोर्ट आने के बाद बचे हुए कर्मचारियों को ड्यूटी पर ले लिया जायेगा । लेकिन अब वे बोल रहे हैं कि न्याय की बात कोर्ट में जा कर करो, हम कोई जिम्मेदारी नही लेंगे । क्या मुख्यमंत्री जी को ये पता नहीं है कि कोर्ट में फैसला होने में बीस-बीस साल लग जाता है? इतने दिनों तक केस खींचना कंपनी के लिए तो आसान है मगर मजदूरों के लिए बीस साल तक क़ानूनी लड़ाई लड़ना सम्भब है? हम देख रहे हैं कि किस तरीके से सरकार जनता के पैसों से करोडो रुपये खर्च करके मारुति सुजुकी कंपनी के लिए वकील की व्यवस्था कर रही है । हमें ये भी दिख रहा है कि कंपनी द्वारा उपलब्ध कराये गए मज़दूरों के नामों की लिस्ट के मुताबिक सरकार एस. आई. टी. जांच की रिपोर्ट तैयार कर नौजवान मज़दूरों को दोषी प्रमाणित करने की तैयारी कर रही है ताकि कोई भी मज़दूर अपने जायज अधिकारों की माँग उठाने बारे में सोच भी ना सके । लोकतान्त्रिक होने का दावा करने वाले सरकार से क्या ऐसी उम्मीद की जा सकती है? हरियाणा सरकार की एस. आई. टी. रिपोर्ट कितना मनगढ़ंत और बेबुनियाद है रिपोर्ट को कोई भी व्यक्ति पड़कर जान सकता है । हम माँग करते हैं कि इस झूठी रिपोर्ट को पूर्णतः ख़ारिज कर नए सिरे से निष्पक्ष व उच्चस्तरीय न्यायिक जांच हों ।

आज यह जान कर भी कि न्याय के सारे दरवाजों को हमारे लिए बंद कर दिये जा रहा हैं, हम न्याय के लिए संघर्ष को जारी रखने का संकल्प लेते हैं । हम बेरोजगारी, भूख और शासन-प्रशासन के दमन-उत्पीड़न के आगे घुटने नहीं टेकेंगे । हम सिर्फ अपने लिए नहीं बल्कि सभी नौजवानों के रोजगार के लिए संघर्ष के रास्ते आगे बढ़ना चाहते हैं और सभी जनता को साथ ले कर अपनी आवाज को बुलंद करना चाहते हैं । इसलिए कैथल में, जहाँ हरियाणा सरकार के उद्योग मंत्री का निवास है, हम 24 मार्च, 2013 से अनिश्चितकालीन अनशन पर बैठ रहे हैं । हम मानते हैं कि इस देश का इतिहास सिर्फ अंग्रेजों, उसके दलालों और देशी-विदेशी पूंजीपतियों का इतिहास नहीं है । यह अमर शहीद भगत सिंह, जिनकी शहादत दिवस आज 23 मार्च को है, उनके जैसे हजारों क्रांतिकारियों का भी इतिहास है ।

मज़दूर भाइयों और नागरिकों, न्याय के लिए, नौजवानों का सम्मान के साथ रोजगार के लिए, सरकार की गलत नीतियों के खिलाफ और पूंजीपतियों व सरकार के साठ-गाँठ के खिलाफ आवाज बुलंद करने में तन-मन-धन से हमारा सहयोग करे । हमारी उम्मीद हरियाणा में काम कर रहे लाखों श्रमिकों और हरियाणा के आम मेहनतकश जनता के उपर टिकी हुई है। क्योंकि श्रमिकों और मेहनतकश जनता कि बुलंद आवाज ही इस भ्रष्ट, दमनकारी और पूंजीपतियों के गोद में बैठी सरकार को न्याय के रास्ते में लाने को बाध्य कर सकती हैं। हम मारुति के मज़दूर इस अनशन के माध्यम से यह शपथ लेते हैं कि हम सिर्फ अपनी आर्थिक हितों के लिए ही नहीं, सभी मज़दूरों के हितों के लिए और हर किस्म की गैर-बराबरी व अन्याय के खिलाफ लगातार संघर्ष करेंगे। हमारी यह भूख हड़ताल देश के शासक व पूंजीपतियों के अन्याय और उत्पीड़न के खिलाफ मज़दूरों और मेहनतकश जनता की एक नई एकता की शुरुआत करेगी–यही हमारी उम्मीद हैं।

इंकलाब जिंदाबाद! मज़दूर एकता जिंदाबाद!
23 मार्च 2013
मारुति सुजुकी वर्कर्स यूनियन

मारुति सुजुकी वर्कर्स यूनियन की ओर से प्रोविजनल वर्किंग कमेटी द्वारा प्रकाशित

 

#India – Supreme Court says Khap diktats retrograde, illegal #vaw #moralpolicing


By , TNN | Jan 15, 2013, 01.20 AM IST

 
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Monday said it was an offence to order women not to use mobile phones or to dress in a particular manner and warned that no one can run a parallel matrimony court to issue diktats against the law to harass young couples.

“Imposing a dress code on women and asking them not to use mobile phones, are such orders not socially retrograde? But these are also against the law. How can anyone ask women not to carry a mobile phone,” a bench of Justices Aftab Alam and Ranjana P Desai asked while hearing a PIL which sought protection of young couples marrying inter-caste or within the same gotra from the wrath of khaps.

The bench said this after taking note of the presence of many elders, sporting colourful turbans and belonging to different khaps of UP and Haryana, in the court’s visitors’ gallery. A large number of khap members were also present in the court room in response to the bench’s desire to hear their views on socially retrograde diktats and honour killings.

But the Sarv Khap Panchayat, a conglomerate of 67 khaps in Haryana’s Rohtak district, nonchalantly told the court that it was the family members who lynched girls and boys who marry outside their caste or within the same gotra, unable to resist social pressure and taunts of relatives. Regulating the khaps would not reduce honour killings, it said.

“Such incidents happen only in the peace loving and law abiding people of the village and normally not in mischievous families,” the panchayat said in its written submissions to the court.

The bench questioned the inspector general of police (Meerut zone), additional director general (law and order) of Haryana along with superintendents of police of Rohtak and Jind districts on khap-dictated honour killings. All the police officers said khaps sometimes adopt socially retrograde resolutions but there had been no instance of their members being involved in honour killings.

The cops said it was the family members who indulged in killings of youth who defy caste and gotra barriers. Amicus curiae Raju Ramachandran explained, “Once the khaps issue an order of censure on matrimonial alliance, the family of the involved boys and girls face the prospect of being socially ostracized. To overcome this, they resort to killing of the couple who defied the khap-imposed social barriers.”

The bench wondered why the police of UP and Haryana were “so anxious to give a good conduct certificate” to the khaps but additional advocates general of both states – Gaurav Bhatia and Manjit Singh – sought time to file a proper affidavit on behalf of the police. But counsel for the khaps said in unison, “What the police officers are saying is correct.”

When additional solicitor general Indira Jaising said “the Sarv Khap Panchayat of district Rohatak has admitted that it adjudicates all matters relating to marriage and family”, the bench said, “That means they are running parallel courts.”

The court came to the rescue of Jaising, who was being shouted down by the counsel for khaps seeking time to file their response to the PIL by NGO Shakti Vahini. The NGO’s counsel Ravi Kant said, “Though khaps are directly not responsible for the honour killings, their orders vitiate the atmosphere. There are many instances where the girl’s family had been excommunicated or the girl’s head had been tonsured.”

Jaising said, “There has been a failure on the part of the police to provide security to couples marrying against social norms fixed by khaps.” The bench asked the khaps to file their written submissions not exceeding 10 pages by February 18 and posted the matter for detailed hearing on March 5.

 

#India- Khap bans DJ in 42 Haryana villages #FOE #Music #censorship #wtfnews


Now, Haryana khap bans disc jockeys

By , TNN | Dec 12, 2012, 04.17 AM IST

Now, Haryana khap bans disc jockeys
A khap panchayat in Hisar, Haryana banned disc jockeys on Tuesday for “creating noise in marriages and other functions” in 42 villages of the district.

HISAR: A khap panchayat in Hisar, Haryana banned disc jockeys on Tuesday for “creating noise in marriages and other functions” in 42 villages of the district.

Phool Kumar, a spokesperson of the Satrol khap panchayat, said that the violators would have to pay a fine of Rs 5100.

On Sunday, one man was shot dead while five others were injured following the clash after few villagers objected to the presence of a DJ in Khurda village of Kaithal district.

Addressing the panchayat, Inder Singh, a khap leader, said, “The DJ system is causing noise pollution and is also harmful to the animals kept by farmers. Due to high volume of music, people can’t milk buffaloes and cows in the morning as the animals are unable to sleep at night.”

“With DJs around, youngsters dance under influence of liquor and sometimes misbehave with women. Because of this women can’t participate in celebrations, preferring to stay indoors. It’s a waste of money, especially when the villagers are facing financial crisis,” Singh added.

There are more than 100 villages in Rohtak, Mahendergarh, Rewari and Bhiwani districts where khap panchayats have prohibited DJs in the last five years.

 

Khap panchayats oppose marriage in same gotra to control landholdings #Vaw #Honorkillings


Dictated by land
Author(s): Richard Mahapatra, down to earth
Date: Nov 30, 2012

It was a season of sons-in-law in Haryana. In October, the
Congress-ruled state government scrambled to clean its records in the
face of alleged undue favours to Robert Vadra, son-in-law of the party
president Sonia Gandhi. That month, khap panchayats, or the
traditional caste panchayats notorious for their diktats in the name
of honouring social customs, also grabbed headlines. They wanted to
regulate the selection of sons-in-law as per their archaic beliefs. On
October 29, leaders of 29 khaps met in Rohtak and demanded banning
same-gotra, same-village marriages under the Hindu Marriage Act.

These seemingly unrelated developments have common roots—land. That
Haryana’s land has turned rare earth is no news. But its repercussion
on society is what the world is discovering now. Vadra, though not a
resident son-in-law, reportedly made windfall gains from land deals in
the state. Analysts say khaps now do not want their resident
sons-in-law to take away the newfound gold. Their obvious targets are
daughters and laws that allow them legal share in ancestral property.

Khaps largely exercise their authority over the Jat community of big
landholders around Delhi, including some districts of Haryana, Uttar
Pradesh and Rajasthan. Traditionally, in these areas marriage is not
allowed within the gotra, which loosely means a sub-caste or clan. But
khaps extend this prohibition to all inhabitants of a village and its
adjacent villages, including individuals from different gotras.
According to khaps, they are deemed siblings due to proximity of
residence and are bound by bhaichara or brotherhood. Strangely, their
diktats apply only to women.

They do not oppose men marrying in same gotras or other castes.
Perhaps they cannot afford to do it. In Haryana’s six
districts—Jhajjar, Rohtak, Jind, Panipat, Gurgaon and Sonipat—where
khaps are active, sex ratio is the lowest in the country: there are
850-870 females per 1,000 males. Such is the scarcity of eligible
brides in the state that men now “buy” brides from faraway Odisha,
Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Nepal. According to sociologist Ravinder
Kaur, 37 per cent of eligible men remain bachelor in the state.

Analysts say such woman-centric codes on marriage are to control the
family’s ownership over land (see ‘Khap panchayat’s codes…’). Khap
members have an instilled fear that in case of marriage by choice, the
girl or her husband would stake claim in ancestral property. By
declaring girls and boys of the same village and adjacent villages as
siblings, they lessen the possibility of young individuals getting
into matrimonial alliance. Experience shows, in an arranged marriage,
girls do not demand share in parental property. Moreover, if a girl is
married several villages away, the possibility of her exercising
inheritance rights becomes remote. They also oppose marriage between
majority and minority gotras as the majority gotra administers a
village and owns most of the land.

Khap panchayat’s codes on marriage

Not in same gotra: By banning same gotra marriage in a village, khaps
ensure that married women do not exercise their inheritance rights on
parental property
Not in bhaichara: Khaps then extend the diktat to several adjacent
villages by declaring boys and girls from those villages siblings and
ruling out marriage alliance among them
Not between majority and minority gotras: By not allowing girls from
majority gotra to marry into a minority gotra, the diktat protects
land of majority gotras who own maximum land in a village.

According to a study by the International Institute for Population
Sciences, Mumbai, the status of women in the family is worsening with
changing economic structure, reforms and mode of production. This is
more so in the National Capital Region (NCR) where the impact of
economic reforms was first felt. Explains Perianayagam Arokiasamy, who
did the study, “Usually larger landholdings are associated with less
autonomy for women.”

Women rights activist Jagmati Sangwan says khaps create false
impression that they are opposed to same-gotra marriage because it is
incestuous. They actually oppose the woman’s right to choose a life
partner. A study commissioned by the National Commission of Women
found that 72 per cent of the khap-dictated honour killings were
related to inter-caste marriages, while those related to same-gotra
marriages were only three per cent. “As couples are selectively
targeted, it is clear that the real motive of khap panchayats is to
control women’s sexuality to ensure that property remains within the
patriarchal caste domain,” Sangwan adds.

Small wonder khaps have lately been vocal about the two pieces of
legislation that allow a woman to marry as per her choice and secure
her rights over ancestral property: the Hindu Marriage Act and the
Hindu Succession Act. The marriage law does not recognise the gotra or
caste system and thus does not prohibit marriage within the gotra or
in other caste. The Hindu Succession Act, amended in 2005, gives
daughters equal rights in the ancestral property along with sons. It
also gives her the right to seek partition of the dwelling house she
inherits. The previous law gave daughters an equal right only in
self-acquired property of her father and a partial right in ancestral
property. It restricted her right in a dwelling house, in which the
joint family lived. The amendment in 2005 also deleted a section,
which exempted Land Reforms Act, Land Ceiling Act and laws relating to
devolution of tenancies in agricultural land, from the Hindu
Succession Act. These state laws favoured male lineal descendants over
wives and daughters.

Down To Earth spoke to a dozen khap panchayat members in Haryana about
the Hindu Succession Act. None was willing to speak on record, but
said the debate on sharing landholdings with married daughters has
gained momentum since the amendment in 2005. The first such meeting
took place in Rohtak in July 2005, which was attended by 21 khap
panchayats. “The law allows daughters to have rights over property of
their parents, in-laws and also retain individual property. Why does
one need to give so many rights to women?” asks Meher Singh Jhakar,
general secretary of Jhakar Khap, which exercises its authority over
36 villages in Jhajjar district in Haryana. “The new generation has
new expectations that confront the traditional ways. If constitution
of the UK can accept conventions as key provisions why can’t the khap
principles be accepted here?”

Obsession with land

Jats, the way we see them now, as big landholders, are the creation of
centuries of fight over land (see ‘Nomads to landlords’). They opposed
the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 over and again and used political
leadership to prevent fragmentation of their land.

In 1967, within months of its formation as a new state, Haryana passed
a resolution, requesting the Centre to amend the Act. Punjab followed
suit. The Centre did not oblige. In 1979, the Haryana Assembly passed
a bill, amending the Act unilaterally, and sent it for the President’s
approval. The President did not give his assent. Ten years later in
1989, renowned farmers’ leader from Haryana, Chaudhary Devi Lal,
proposed an amendment to the Act during his tenure as the deputy prime
minister. The demand was dropped following protests.

Haryana and five other states, including Punjab and Rajasthan, which
have active khaps, denied equal inheritance rights for women in
parental property, especially in agricultural land, until the 2005
amendment to the Succession Act.

Going by media reports, khap panchyats did not issue militant diktats
against women until 2005. This is the time the NCR witnessed a boom in
property rate and became the country’s largest residential market.
Currently, it has more housing units than the combined tally of
Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Kolkata and Hyderabad. But since their
opposition to the succession law did not work out, khap panchayats now
focus on the Hindu Marriage Act to bring in provisions to stop
same-gotra marriage to retain land within the family boundary.

Nomads to landlords

Nomads to landlords Once a nomadic pastoral community, Jats settled in
Jhajjar, Rohtak, Jind, Panipat, Gurgaon and Sonipat districts of
Haryana in the early 13th century. Then the land was barren. The
Mamluk, Khilji, Tughlaq, Sayyid and Lodi dynasties that ruled Delhi
during the period introduced rahat, or Persian wheel system of
irrigation, in the area.

This fuelled green revolution and transformed Jat pastoralists into
agricultural peasants. Agriculture in the region became more lucrative
after Muhammand Bin Tughlaq constructed the Western Yamuna Canal. With
this newfound prosperity, Jats organised themselves into a powerful
clan, seeding the khap panchayat concept.

Soon they became the rulers’ revenue collectors and colonised more
land. It is said that Akbar elevated some khap members to the status
of ministers to integrate the Jat community into his empire

 

#India- Khap panchayats of Haryana demand changes in Hindu marriage Act #WTFnews #Vaw


Deepender Deswal, TNN Oct 29, 2012,
(Khap panchayats of Haryana…)

ROHTAK: The notorious khap panchayats of Haryana on Sunday demanded a legal ban on same-gotra and same-village marriages, saying such a measure could solve the problem of rising crime against women.

Leaders of 30 khap panchayats who met in Rohtak passed a resolution calling for an amendment in the Hindu Marriage Act to bring the ban on such marriages into effect.

The leaders vowed to take up this demand at the highest level and said they would visit Delhi next month for submitting their representations to the President, Prime Minister and the Union law minister.

The meeting, held at the Chhotu Ram Dharamshala, was hosted by Rohtak’s Chorasi khap and presided over by its leader, Hardeep Ahlawat.

Terming modern culture as “obscene”, the leaders said the state’s social fabric had been vitiated because people were “blindly following so-called modernization which is the root cause of crime against women and incidents of rape”.

“The minds of the younger generation have been corrupted due to invasion of obscene and vulgar culture. Our youngsters have forgotten the rich values and customs of our society,” said Baljit Malik of Gathwala khap.

Addressing the meeting, Hardeep Ahlawat demanded a change in the law to ban matrimonial ties between couples from same gotras and same villages — traditionally viewed as brothers and sisters.

“A legal ban on such marriages would also help curb the menace of honour killings and female feticide which has brought a bad name to Haryanvi society,” said Om Prakash Dhankar, a khap leader.

Other leaders argued that there would not be any honour killings or female foeticide if same-gotra marriages were banned. “People kill their daughters out of the fear that one day they might elope with men of the same gotra,” said Dhankar.

“A delegation of khap panchayat would visit Delhi on November 5 with copies of our memorandum to be handed over to India’s top leaders. We would also call on the national commission for women the same day and asked it to raise the demand,” he added.

The khap leaders distanced themselves from a recent statement of a khap mahapanchayat spokesman who had sought lowering of the marriageable age of girls from 18 to 16 years to avoid rapes. The leaders said such statements had been spoiling the image of khap panchayats.

“We strongly differ with such people. We have decided to launch social awareness campaign against extravagant marriages, dowry etc in society,” he said.

 

#India- Haryana khap blames wedding ceremonies at night for road mishaps


Deepender Deswal, TNN Oct 28, 2012, 09.46PM IST

ROHTAK: Haryana khap panchayat has urged the Haryana government to ban wedding ceremonies at night while arguing that drunken driving by the youths who attend marriage parties led to road accidents and had resulted in loss of several lives.

Om Prakash Dhankar, convener of the meeting informed that a khap leader raised the issue in the meeting in Rohtak on Saturday which was supported by the khap panchayat. “The night marriages which was earlier an urban phenomenon are also getting popular in rural areas.

The youngsters participating in baraats (marriages parties) got drunk during attending the ceremonies which had been resulting in road mishaps at night. Large number of deaths have occurred due to such accidents in past”, he said adding that all the khap representatives supported the proposal and decided to urge the Haryana chief minister to ban wedding ceremonies at night.

He informed that the khap panchayat representatives would also visit villages in their respective areas to convince people not to organise marriages at night so that rising rates of road accident could be brought down which is an obvious fallout of drunken driving

 

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