The Disgusting Stench of Incredible India

Nupur Sonar, Tehelka Magazine, January 24, 2013, Issue: 5, Volume: 10

Clean-up or cover-up? A ‘safai karmachari’ at the Old Delhi Railway Station


Clean-up or cover-up? A ‘safai karmachari’ at the Old Delhi Railway Station

Photo: Shailendra Pandey

The railways still engages manual labourers to clean human excreta from its tracks. Does this shock you enough, asks Nupur Sonar



THE INDIAN Railways runs 50,000 coaches, of which 43,000 are for passengers. Each day, 1,72,000 open toilets dot one the world’s most complex rail networks with human excreta. After a 2005 Supreme Court order directed the Ministry of Railways to prepare a time-bound scheme for the total eradication of manual scavenging, the railways tabled a plan that targets the total elimination of direct discharge toilets from passenger coach system by 2021-22. In this “green initiative”, they proposed the introduction of bio-toilets to replace the existing direct discharge toilets. Seven years later, bio-toilets have been fitted in only 436 coaches.


On 22 January, Railway Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal wrote to general managers of all zonal railways to ensure cleanliness at 100 stations of religious and tourist importance, with more than 10 lakh population. He also said that more coaches would be provided with bio-toilets.


However, on the issue of manual scavenging, the railways denies the practice outright. “All new trains are being fitted with bio-toilets and since installing them in old trains isn’t feasible, washable aprons have been installed at most stations,” says Anil Saxena, public relations officer with the Ministry of Railways. With the washable apron type of tracks, workers use a hose pipe to rinse the platforms and the waste flows into the drains. “All safai karmacharis are provided with masks, coats, boots, gloves, etc. They don’t clean anything with their hands,” adds Saxena.


The reality is something else. On visiting several stations in New Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, members of the NGO Safai Karmachari Andolan saw workers cleaning the waste without any protection. “This can be seen at Ajmer and Panipat stations,” says Bezwada Wilson, convener of Safai Karmachari Andolan. “In places where the drain to carry the washed away human excreta from the aprons does not cover the complete length of the platform, they have to be cleaned manually.” Both the New Delhi and Old Delhi Railway Stations have this problem. Moreover,safai karmacharis are also seen working in hazardous conditions without any protective gear.


“We don’t have gloves or masks,” says 24-year-old Jabbar (name changed) who works at the Old Delhi Railway Station. “We get them only when an official visits the station. Otherwise we clean with just brooms.”


The railways’ denial of the practice makes it difficult to get access to actual figures for manual scavenging. However, independent surveys by various organisations reveal that manual scavenging is an existing practice in the railways.


Studies conducted by the Rashtriya Garima Abhiyan and Safai Karmachari Andolan show how the railways have managed the cover-up for over two decades. “The railways have managed to keep manual scavengers working for them closely wrapped under a cloak of invisibility by outsourcing the jobs to contractors,” says Ashif Shaikh, convener of the Rashtriya Garima Abhiyan. These employees are hired as sanitation workers but they clean more than just dry garbage.


To make matters worse, in the past two decades, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has not included the railways in any of its surveys on manual scavenging. Even the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill, 2012, tabled in Parliament in September 2012, leaves a lot to be desired. A clause states that a person who engages in “hazardous” cleaning with protective gear shall not be deemed a “manual scavenger”. This will not only dilute the definition of manual scavenging but will also provide a window for the practice to be perpetuated.



Chandigarh: 5 year old girl sexually assaulted, slapped and threatened by the driver of the private cab. #VAW #WTfnews


Jan 20, 2013   Sector 22, Chandigarh


Action Taken: Sub-inspector Amarjeet Singh said a case of assault, molestation and threatening had been registered and the accused, Pawan, had been apprehended. The case was registered at the Sector 17 police station. Pawan, who is married, will be produced in the dist

A five-year-old student at a private school in Sector 22 was sexually assaulted, slapped and threatened by the driver of the private cab who was dropping her home from school at around 12pm on Saturday.

The accused, Pawan Kumar, 26, of Nayagaon village near Chandigarh has been arrested. A family member of the victim told TOI, “At around noon, my niece came home crying loudly. When I asked what happened, she told me about her horrific experience.”

According to the relative, the regular cab driver Sharwan Singh, had gone to Ludhiana to attend a family function and he had given the charge of ferrying children to and from school to Pawan. A medical examination of the victim, who fell sick and is traumatized, was conducted at GMH-16.

The victim and five other children used to go to school in Sector 22 together. The turn of the victim came in the end. In her statement to the police and family members, the child said that the driver committed the crime, after which he slapped and threatened her. The statement of the child was recorded in the presence of her family members and women cops.

Source: TNN | Jan 20, 2013


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