#Odisha – Campaign on policy intervention for Women land rights #womenrights


 

The situation of Dalit, tribal & marginalize women in needs special attention. They are one of the largest socially segregated groups anywhere.  However, women facing multiple oppressions that violate their fundamental rights. Now the real situations of Dalit, tribal & marginalize women are threatened by rape as part of collective violence by in physically, socially politically and economically. However, today this violence is increasing in society. And these women are ignorance to accesses their rights of life, livelihood and dignity.

Our country is a Part of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Civil and Political Rights. & also a Part of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). This treaty not only identifies a range of economic, social and cultural rights, but it also requires that all peoples enjoy these rights, without discrimination.

But the ground reality that the women face sees a complete negation and violation of women’s human rights. These women are the poor, illiterate and powerless with neither access nor control over land & natural resources. They have been victims of structural and social violence making them easy targets for sexual harassment. Atrocities and violence against women are both a means of sustaining systemic discrimination, as well as a reaction when caste and gender norms are challenged.

 

Prospective of women land rights

The principle in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (December 10, 1948) that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights”. World without poverty, inequality and social injustice; where all individuals are free and empowered to live in dignity and peace. This is mining less for women without land rights. Land ownership is the only way to women empowerment, dignity, social security, livelihood & human rights.

Discrimination and women Rights over land & natural resources is one of the most complicated issues that are today faced with. As such this is not a new question; however the current format is a relatively newer one. There are specific reasons and compulsion for raising this question at this juncture of history as the betrayal of the betrayed continues for centuries unknown till today. Dalit, tribal & marginalize Women have been active throughout history.  They were actively involved in the land & forest protection Movements & today also they are the strongholds in thousands of villages. They continue to play a critical role in the movements for land rights. For them, land, forest is not only property it is the identity & relationship of the human and mother earth. They have been 78% participation in the land protection, promotion & agricultural production. Which is a great contribution on GDP growth .but However, they are unable to put an end to the structural discrimination and exclusion.  And impunity is used to keep them in their place. It has caused them to start building their own praxis, identity and agency, and build an effective nonviolence struggle to restoration of their relationships with land &forest. That is clearly need in its place is an articulation base on the consciousness of the mother land.

Women need to develop a wider understanding and proper perspective about the diverse dynamics of women rights. One needs an understanding of the logic of the underlying forces that govern the current pattern of ownership. Access to land entitlement is deeply important for Dalit community especially women, where the incidence of poverty is highly correlated with lack of access to land are also an imperative for food security. Without land security and land Bess livelihood efforts to use natural resources in a sustainable manner may not be fruitful. Land ownership is a powerful tool that allows the Dalit community to escape extreme poverty especially women. Secure land right to increase nutrition, school enrolment and reduces the conflict of the community. Hence the crisis of Dalit women and rights over natural resources has to be understood in its historical perspective.

Why this campaign

In the process of life struggle, women were realized their relationship with land and forest. and the obstacles of women empowerment  so they are being initiated in the country by various land rights movement in the women’s perspective.  Govt. also takes some important decision in fever of women like joint entitlement. But in reality it was the partnership not to ownership. Also that not to be changes of the mindset of the society and system also the policy of land reform & women empowerment in women prospective of security & dignity.

So there is a strong need to space for women’s perspective and leadership for land and natural resource rights to consolidate our strategies toward claiming, retaining, distribution and development of land ownership in the name of women for the future generations. As women we have a greater responsibility towards achieving this cause.

The national task force initiated by the government of India is in place for addressing the land question in India. The process is already started. Perhaps this is an opportunity for all of us & the right time to share women’s perspectives with the government of India & state govt. to addressing the land rights in name of women. We shall have more information & experience on women land rights struggle which we send our recommendations and demand about women land rights in ground level women opinion.  Also take as an issue in coming election.

ODWF Action in Odisha

Odisha Dalit women forum is a collective power of Dalit women in Odisha, an initiative to strengthen leadership of dalit, tribal & marginalize women and to build their capacities, knowledge and skills. Which raise their voice & concerns, on security, livelihood and dignity with campaign on women land & natural resources rights in a nonviolence action process ODWF create a mass opinion against violence, discrimination on cast, class, and gender.

As the continue process of our women land rights campaign it is a opportunity for ODWF  to initiate this mass awareness about the recommendation to national taskforce process for land reform policy to get more accountable of govt. for women dignity and security. So ODWF group decided that initiate this mass campaign for more participation of women in this national policy intervention process.

 

Objective of the campaign:

  • Create awareness about Importance of Land Rights among all women.
  • To reduce conflict in the society by enabling women to gain access and ownership over mother earth and natural resources.
  • To create awareness among the tribal, Dalit women on their rights over life and livelihood and sensitize the people on different legal aspects related to land, forest and natural resources.
  • To build up a relationship of women for their common action to achieve land rights.
  • To make accountability the Government for proper implementation of the women Land Rights Law & sensitize the administration.
  • Awareness to Collection of signature and demands for women land rights and to send the national and state govt.

This programme will sensitize to understand the land and mother relationship and linkage established with state, national and global movement and generates a support for women land rights prospective. This understanding will help to develop sustainable livelihoods of society to peace and justice that build to protect towards both, violence as well as the Risks of Globalization.

ODWF Coverage area

Sl. No. District Nos. of coverage Villages No of peoples participation Campaign in charge
1 Baleswar 14 217 Ms. Charubalajena
2 Balangir 10 168 Ms. Nirupama mahar
3 Bhadrak 7 145 Ms. pritirekha jena
4 Cuttack 9 146 Ms. Nayana nayak
5 Dhankanal 10 170 Ms. Rasmirekha
6 Jagatshingpur 5 90 Ms.Bijayalaxmi
7 Nayagad 10 160 Ms.sumitra nayak
8 Khordha 40 680 Ms. Nalininayak
9 Kalahandi 60 970 Ms. Sakuntala harpal
10 Rayagada 14 260 Ms. Nurjahan pani
 11 Nabarangpur 10 136 Ms. Swapnalata babu
12 Malkanagir 15 340 Ms. S .susan
13 Koraput 10 180 Ms. Nalin khemund
14 Kaujhra 15 245 Ms. Kanak nayak
15 Maurbhanja 17 350 Ms. Minati sahoo
16 Sambalpur 5 150 Ms. Anita bag
17 Kandhamal 20 350 Ms. Antima nayak
18 Gangam 25 420 Ms. S .jamuna
19 Gagapati 11 180 Ms. Anusaya sabhapati
20 puri 6 150 Ms. Swati
21 Baragad 5 125 Ms. Jogeswari
22 Subarnapur 10 170 Ms. Mamdodari  chatria
23 Baudh 10 190 Ms. Sebati  behera
24 Jajpur 10 210 Ms. Nerupama naik
25 Debgarh 7 120 Ms. Mamuni sarbhang
26 Nuapara 8 150 Ms. Suravi seth
27 Kendrapada 10 170 Ms. Kausalya mallik
28 Sundargarh 10 190 Ms. Anna kujur
373 6832

 

ODWF also collaboration with other women forum for this campaign and send their recommendation to stat & national govt. from their respective area of Odisha.

 

Campaign Action

Organize rally, awareness yatra, foot march, mass meeting, signature campaign, media mobilization; give memorandum through local authority to stat CM & PM of India

Appeal

At this occasion we welcome & appeal all the women and community to come together and articulate a clear demand and peoples plan for achieve the women land rights ,for secure our mother, family community &Society.

 

Mother earth call to mother come together achieve to rights over me for security, dignity& empowerment of mother hood.  We believe change the world.

                  JAY BHEEM

 

                                                Sandhya Devi

                             ODISHA DALIT WOMEN FORUM

                        At- Banpur, Dist- Khurda, Odisha, 752031

                      Ph- o6756-223439 (o), 9437140550, 8280056895

             Email-odwforissa@yahoo.in  & savetribal@yahoo.com

 

#Poem- Now its dangerous to be #Dayamani Barla #Jharkhand #Tribal #Indigenous


 

Below is the poem by By Himanshu Kumar, On Dayamani Barla, The iron Lady of Jharkhand who  is behind bars now and has  been fighting for the land rights of the tribal people, and is now behind bars.Dayamani Barla is an indigenous tribal journalist and activist from the Indian state of Jharkhand. She came from very humble backgrounds and worked as a maid to pay her way through the University. She became notable for her activism in opposing Arcelor Mittal‘s steel plant that tribal activist say would displace forty (40) villages. She has won a number of prestigious awards for journalism.

Born in Arhara village in Jharkhand, Dayamani Barla, 44, could have been one of the faceless thousands displaced by India’s largest steel plant.Today, she leads the mass movement against it. She could have been another Adivasi with a crumbling house and a buried story. Instead, she chose to become a storyteller, the voice of Jharkhand, the first tribal journalist from her state. Barla paid for her education by working as a domestic help in Ranchi. She washed dishes for the police, ate leftovers, stayed in a shed with buffaloes and coolies, learnt to type in English and Hindi, and worked as a typist for one rupee an hour. With a rural reporting fellowship and a bank loan of 25,000, she founded the Jan Hak Patrika. “I wanted to present the point of view of Adivasis, Dalits and women,” she says.

The money lasted two years. By then, she had convinced established local media like Prabhat Khabar to give space to Adivasi and Dalit issues. Barla is also at forefront of the Adivasi Mulvasi Astitva Raksha Manch, a people’s movement that unites thousands of Adivasis, Dalits and farmers across Jharkhand. In the past decade, she has trekked from village to village, alerting those who stand to be displaced by a steel plant, protesting against dams on the Koel and Kari rivers, against delimitation that would reduce the number of seats for scheduled tribes, against corrupt MGNREGA middlemen. Death threats from shadowy unknown figures have not deterred her.

Since 2010, Ms. Barla has led a movement against Jharkhand government acquiring 227 acres of paddy farmers’ land in Nagri village, 15 kms from Ranchi, for the campuses of Indian Institute of Management, Indian Institute of Information Technology and the National University of Study & Research in Law (NUSRL). The government claims it acquired the land from them in 1957-58 to build an extension to Birsa Agricultural University. However, Right to Information (RTI) applications filed by Ms. Barla revealed that of the 153 families to whom the government had offered a total compensation in 1957, only 25 families in Nagri took it and the rest had refused.

 

 

There is anEenglish translation below, and you can also here the recitation at cgnetswara here

http://www.cgnetswara.org/index.php?id=14427

अब बड़ा खतरा है दायमनी बरला होने में

अब आदिवासी होने में खतरा है

अब गाँव में रहने में खतरा है

गाँव में ज़मीन है

गाँव में पेड है

गाँव में नदी है

गाँव में खनिज है

गाँव में लोग हैं

गाँव में दायमनी बरला भी है

गाँव की ज़मीन पर कम्पनी की नजर है

गाँव की नदी पर कम्पनी की नजर है

गाँव के पेड़ों पर कम्पनी की नज़र है

गाँव के खनिज पर कम्पनी की नज़र है

लेकिन गाँव में दायमनी बरला रहती है

सरकार कम्पनी से डरती है

पुलिस कम्पनी से डरती है

अखबार कम्पनी से डरते हैं

दयामनी बरला कम्पनी से नहीं डरती

कम्पनी का राज है

कम्पनी नाराज़ है

इसलिये कम्पनी बहादुर के हुक्म से

पुलिस बहादुर ने दयामनी बरला को

पकड़ कर जेल की सलाखों के पीछे डाल दिया है

आओ शुक्र मनाएं

दायमनी बरला अब जेल में है

अब दायमनी बरला कम्पनी बहादुर को रोक नहीं सकेगी

अब कम्पनी बहादुर दायमनी बरला के गाँव की  नदी को छीन लेंगे

अब कम्पनी बहादुर दायमनी बरला के गाँव की ज़मीन को छीन लेंगे

अब कम्पनी बहादुर दायमनी बरला के गाँव के खनिज को छीन लेंगे

अब कम्पनी बहादुर देश का विकास कर देंगे

अब कम्पनी बहादुर सब ठीक कर देंगे

पता नहीं आखिर हमें इस देश की सारी दायमनी बरलाओं से कब मुक्ति मिलेगी ?

कब हमारी सारी नदियाँ

सारे पहाड़

सारी ज़मीनों

और सारे जंगलों पर

कम्पनी का कब्ज़ा होगा

कम्पनी के कारखाने

कम्पनी की नौकरी

कम्पनी की कारें

कम्पनी के शापिंग माल

कम्पनी की सड़कें

कम्पनी के टोल बूथ

कम्पनी के कालेज

कम्पनी के आई आई एम्

कम्पनी के आई आई टी

कम्पनी की यूनिवर्सिटी

जिसमे पढ़ने वाले बनेगे

कम्पनी के गुलाम

कम्पनी के मतलब की शिक्षा

कम्पनी के मतलब का ज्ञान

कम्पनी के फायदे के लिये विज्ञान

कम्पनी की मर्जी की सरकार

कम्पनी के हुकुमबरदार कोतवाल

अब तुम ही बताओ

हमको दयामनी बरला से क्या काम ?

Translation by Priyanka

It is a grave danger now to be Dayamani Barla
It is a danger to be an adivasi
It is a danger now to reside in the village

There is land in the village
There are trees in the village
There are rivers in the village
There are minerals in the village
There are people in the village
There is also Dayamani Barla in the village

The company is eying the land of the village
The company is eying the rivers of the village
The company is eying the trees of the village
The company is eying the minerals of the village
But Dayamani Barla resides in the village

The government fears the company
The police fears the company
The newspaper fears the company
Dayamani Barla does not fear the company

It is the rule of the company
So the company is angry
That’s how with the order of the company chief
The police chief put Dayamani Barla
Behind the bars of prison

Come, let’s celebrate
Dayamani Barla is now in jail
Now Dayamani Barla won’t be able to stop the company chief
Now the company chief will snatch the river of her village
Now the company chief will snatch the land of her village
Now the company chief will snatch the minerals of her village
Now the company chief will develop the country
Now the company chef will make everything alright

When will be relieved of all the Dayamani Barlas of this country?
When will all our rivers
All our trees
All the land
And all the forests
Be taken over by the company

Company’s factories
Company’s jobs
Company’s cars
Company’s shopping malls
Company roads
Company’s toll booths
Company’s college
Company’s premium technology institutes
Company’s premium management institutes
Company’s university
In which those who study will become
Slaves of the company

Education as needed by the company
Knowledge as needed by the company
Knowledge to profit the company
Government to suit the will of the company
Cops to shout “Sir yes sir” to the company

So now, you tell me
Why do we need Dayamani Barla..?

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