हाथों की लकीरें मिट गईं तो कैसे बने आधार कार्ड? #Aadhaar #UID #biometrics


 

 

मजदूर जिसने बयां की ‘आधार’ की कहानी

 नवभारत टाइम्स | Feb 25, 2013, 06.52PM IST

एसपी रावत

 

कुरुक्षेत्र।। कंप्यूटर ने एक ओर जहां इंसान के कई कामों को आसान बना दिया है, वहीं दिन-रात मजदूरी करके अपने परिवार का पेट पालने वाले हजारों मजदूरों के लिए यह मुसीबत बन गया है। कंप्यूटर मजदूरों के हाथों की उन लकीरें को नहीं पढ़ पा रहा है जो रात-दिन मजदूरी करने के बाद धुंधली पड़ गई हैं।

 

हरियाणा के यमुनानगर जिले के मजदूरों को उस वक्त निराशा हाथ लगी जब अधिकारियों ने कहा कि जब तक कंप्यूटर उनके हाथों की लकीरों को नहीं पढ़ेगा तब तक उनका ‘आधार कार्ड’ नहीं बन सकता।

 

गौरतलब है कि आजकल पूरे देश में आधार कार्ड बनाए जाने की प्रक्रिया चल रही है। उसी के तहत यमुनानगर जिला में भी जगह-जगह पर आधार कार्ड बनाने का काम चल रहा है। आधार कार्ड बनाने वाले अधिकारियों और कर्मचारियों का कहना है कि काम करते-करते मेहनतकश लोगों के हाथों की रेखाएं ही मिट गई हैं। इन हस्तरेखाओं को ही पैमाना मानकर आधार कार्ड बनाया जा रहा है।

 

 

 

 

अधिकारियों का कहना है कि बार-बार मजदूरों की हस्तरेखाएं लेने की कोशिश की गई, लेकिन कंप्यूटर पर रेखाएं न दिखने की वजह से उनका आधार कार्ड नहीं बन सकता। अब इसे मजदूरों की किस्मत का खेल कहें या मजबूरी? क्योंकि दिनरात मेहनत कर जो हाथ झोंपड़ी से लेकर महल तक का निर्माण करते हैं आज उन्हें ही उनके हक से महरूम रखा जा रहा है।

 

आधार कार्ड बनाने वाले कर्मचारी कहते हैं कि जब इन मजदूरों के हाथ की उंगलियों के निशान लेने के लिए इनके हाथों को कंप्यूटर पर रखा जाता है तो कोई रेखा नजर नहीं आती है। मजदूर दर्शन सिंह और राजेंद्र प्रसाद का कहना है कि इसमें हमारा तो कोई कसूर नहीं है। हम तो अपना और अपने परिवार का पेट पालने के लिए मेहनत मजदूरी करते हैं। देश भर में चल रहे निर्माण कार्यों में मजदूरों की अहम भूमिका है। अगर हम अपने हाथ की रेखाओं को देखेंगे तो हमें कोई मजदूरी पर नहीं रखेगा।

 

उन्होंने कहा कि सरकार को कोई ऐसी व्यवस्था करनी चाहिए जिससे उन्हें भी आधार कार्ड का लाभ मिले सके। उधर, यमुनानगर के डीआईओ रमेश गुप्ता का कहना है कि यूनिक आइडेंटिफिकेशन के लिए आधार कार्ड बनाए जा रहे हैं और इसके लिए आइब्रोज़, फिंगरप्रिंट और आईडी प्रूफ की जरूरत होती है। मजदूरों के आधार कार्ड बायॉमैट्रिक्स स्कैन न होने के कारण नहीं बन पा रहे हैं लेकिन यूआईडी के दूसरे वर्जन में यह कमी दूर कर ली जाएगी। भारत में सबके आधार कार्ड बनेंगे, हां इसमें कुछ समय लग सकता है।

 

उन्होंने बताया कि यमुनानगर में 10 से 12 जगहों के अलावा कई इंस्टिट्यूट में भी आधार कार्ड बन रहे हैं। भविष्य में डायरेक्ट ट्रांसफर स्कीम के तहत एससी और ओबीसी बच्चों का स्टाइपेंड उनके खाते में आएगा। उन्होंने बताया कि यमुनानगर में अब तक लगभग डेढ़ से दो लाख आधार कार्ड बन चुके हैं। खासतौर पर यमुनानगर और पानीपत में मजदूरों की संख्या काफी अधिक है। फ़ॉरेंसिक एक्सपर्ट्स का कहना है कि अपराध के मामले में 15-20 प्रतिशत लकीरें आने से भी काम चल जाता है लेकिन आधार कार्ड के मामले में यह नियम लागू नहीं है।

 

#Tamilnadu mode of benefit transfer without #aadhaar number proves effective- #UID


State mode of benefit transfer proves effective
T. RAMAKRISHNAN, The Hindu
Major difference is that it is not linked to Aadhaar numbers
A beneficiary operating a biometric smart card machine at Samuthiram in Tiruchi on Friday.Collector Jayashree Muralidharan and, Chief Regional Manager, IOB, R. Krishnamurthy (second from right), are in the picture.— PHOTO:R.M. RAJARATHINAM
Even as the Union government gears itself to launch the scheme of direct benefits transfer (DBT) in 51 districts across the country on New Year’s Day, Tamil Nadu, by ensuring the transfer of social security to about 5.63 lakh rural beneficiaries every month in 31 districts, it has shown that its variant of DBT is workable.
The only major difference between the Central scheme and the State government’s is that the transfer is not linked to the beneficiaries having Aadhaar numbers. Otherwise, both appear to be identical.
The beneficiaries of the social security schemes have to open basic savings bank accounts. Every month, business correspondents, appointed by the banks, go to the places of beneficiaries, carrying hand-held point of service (POS) equipment with printers and biometric authentication devices. On confirmation of biometric authentication of the beneficiaries, the pension is disbursed.
Under eight social security schemes including three Central schemes, 29.87 lakh beneficiaries in Tamil Nadu receive monthly pension of Rs. 1,000. Traditionally, they have been receiving the pension through postal money order.
The initial phase focuses on 6.53 lakh beneficiaries in 4,479 villages of 31 districts with the stipulation of covering villages having population of over 2,000.
As on November 30, the coverage was 5.63 lakh beneficiaries in about 4,100 villages. An official of the Revenue department, the implementing agency, says the remaining beneficiaries will be covered shortly.
In the second phase, villages having population in the range of 1,000 to 2,000 will be covered, and the third and final phase pertains to all other villages and urban areas. The present plan of the State government is complete the two phases in six months.
Reports from various districts indicate that the beneficiaries prefer the new mode of payment to the old system.
A senior government official says that the integration of Aadhar/UIDAI data with that of beneficiaries will be carried out after the National Population Register (NPR) programme is completed in the State which is expected by June 30, 2013.
On assumption of office in May 2011, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam government took two decisions concerning the social security schemes. It not only increased the amount of pension from Rs. 500 to Rs. 1,000 but also decided to disburse it through banks in a phased manner.
In respect of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme too, the State government has decided to make payment through banks in five districts – Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur, Erode, Tirupur and Kanyakumari, from January, according to an official release issued by the State Level Bankers’ Committee. In these districts, bank accounts for 6.1 lakh beneficiaries have been opened.

 

Aadhaar Card not mandatory for Income Certificate for EWS school admissions #UID


200 px

200 px (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT, tHE hINDU,
NEW DELHI, January 8, 2013

The Delhi Revenue Secretary and Divisional Commissioner on Monday issued orders to keep in abeyance till further instructions the requirement of Aadhaar Card for issuing Income Certificates to economically weaker section (EWS) students for admission to the forthcoming academic session.

The directions were issued by the official following a meeting with Delhi Education Minister Kiran Walia who said students and applicants belonging to economically weaker categories who wanted to get admission under their quota needed to get an Income Certificate and for that an Aadhaar Card was essential. The Minister said this mandatory requirement of Aadhaar Card was causing a lot of trouble to admission seekers who were running against time to apply in the schools.

Stating that hundreds of applicants had approached her seeking relief, Prof. Walia said keeping in mind the problems being faced by the students and their parents, it was essential to do away with the mandatory requirement. She thus asked the Revenue Secretary to take back the earlier order.

Thereafter, the Revenue Secretary issued an order keeping in abeyance the mandatory requirement to have an Aadhaar Card for procuring the Income Certificate. The order has been issued to all the Deputy Commissioners, Sub Divisional Magistrates and Tehsildars and has come into force with immediate effect.

 

Glitches in Aadhaar cards enrolment- and pandora’s box opens :-P #UID


EK KA DO, EK KA DO :-p

200 px

200 px (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Anantpur: While lakhs of people are waiting for Aadhaar cards even though they got enroled one year ago, the agencies are sending Aadhaar cards second time for thousands of people for the same people.
For instance, 14 branch post offices in Garladinne mandal have received a bunch of Aadhaar cards second time on Friday.
As already majority of people received Aadhaar cards through post four months ago, same people have received Aadhaar cards second time by speed post in Garladinne mandal in Anantapur district.
Second time issuing of cards was reportedly a burden on the government in the form printing and sending the cards through post. A postman lamented, “I have to hand over all the cards at the doorstep of addresses though they were receiving them for the second time.”Similar situation prevails in Housing Board Colony and Tapovanam in Anantapur city. Aditya, an MBA graduate, told this correspondent that he had received Aadhaar card second time.

 

 

 

UIDAI cancels 3.84 lakh fake #Aadhaar numbers #UID #facepalm


200 px

200 px (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

New Delhi, December 25, 2012, HT

 

 

 

Some have managed to beat the so-called unbeatable Unique Identification (UID) system and got fake Aadhaar numbers generated raising security concerns over UPA‘s new UID based governance model.

 

 

 

 

 

lakh Aadhaar numbers of the total 4.10 lakh generated under the biometric exception clause.

 

The Aadhaar agencies are allowed to enroll people without proper finger-prints or iris under the biometric exception clause. In this, the agencies are required to provide photographs of the non-existent biometrics along with demographic details of the enrollers.

 

 

The biometric exception was incorporated to make Aadhaar truly inclusive identification generation process as there was highly level of exclusion in other systems such as ration cards. But, the agencies exploited the clause to make some pass money as for each successful enrollment and generation of Aadhaar number, the agency got Rs. 50.

 

 

It was business as usual for UIDAI till a large number of Aadhaar letters in Andhra Pradesh remained undelivered. “Most of the 45,000 undelivered Aadhaar letters in Andhra were under the exception clause. It hinted that something was wrong,” a senior UIDAI official said. Further scrutiny revealed that of 48.80 lakh Aadhaar generated in Andhra, 2.30 lakh were false and were subsequently cancelled.

 

 

With the lid blown off, similar instance cropped in other states. A Delhi government official said, who reported around 13,000 fraudulent enrollments to UIDAI, said the biometric exception was introduced for people with high level of disabilities but it was frequently used raising a question over credibility of Aadhaar numbers.

 

 

The UIDAI admitted of similar high number of fake Aadhaar numbers from Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh in a reply to Lok Sabha.

 

 

The authority also found of the total Aadhaar generated under this clause, only 22,195 were found to be genuine. Another 6,600 Aadhaar numbers are under investigation.

 

 

For enrollment of around 90 crore residents in subsequent phases, the UIDAI has asked agencies not to opt for biometric exception without approval from a senior, preferably a government official. The UPA govern

 

 

Out of Thumb print – #mustread #joke #aadhaar #uid


Business Standard / New Delhi Dec 07, 2012, 00:25 IST

India is a young country and it appears that the Unique Identification Authority of IndiaUIDAI) is keen to record this fact. Itsbiometric machines have been reconfigured to scan fingerprints up to 60 per cent coarseness — a feature that didn’t exist in the earlier machines. As a result, many elderly people, who tend to have relatively faint finger marks that get fainter in the cold weather, cannot enroll in the system. Now, this is clearly a chronic problem. Officials manning the scanners told a colleague to send a mail to the UID help desk. Each of these mails would then be used as part of a campaign to get UIDAI to do something about it, the officials said.

 

FIND OUT HOW FINGER PRINTS CAN BE FAKED

 

 

Monograph – #UID is not yours- #Aadhaar #privacy #Identity #mustshare


MONOGRAPH

Government and UIDAI vigorously promote the UID

scheme. They claim various benefits, like reduction in corruption,

euphemistically termed – “Leakages”, in government’s welfare

measures. these claims are made based on conjecture, whim, feelings,

and perhaps, some hope. A huge scheme, with immeasurable

impact, almost certainly, adverse, has been launched with absolutely

no study or thought. Government authorities have bought the rosy

picture that a former private sector IT honcho painted. Such use

of IT and more especially, biometrics has never been attempted on

this scale. !ere is very large body of evidence of the impracticality

of such use of IT and biometrics. !e audacity with which those in

charge have plunged into the UID scheme defies logic.

The media, in particular, have been silent, and on many an

occasion even supportive of the scheme. Intriguingly, most news

about the scheme “nds place in business pages of print media. !ere

is a dreadful combination of ignorance, sycophancy and greed in

promoting a scheme, which while spending public money, provides

business opportunities for pro”table exploitation.

The public are largely ignorant and mostly unconcerned.

Many believe that since, Government is promoting the scheme, it

could have some use. Some are apprehensive about losing out on

government largesse and rush to enrol in the scheme. Government,

UIDAI and media encourage such herd behaviour through leaks

which suggest that one or the other of welfare subsidies would be

“linked” to UID. !is they do, while projecting UID as voluntary.

!e deceit has so far been successful.

A few, who have studied UID and similar schemes, realised

that this is a sinister ploy of Government. We are among those who

have understood that the gathering of people’s data, in the manner

in which it is done through private foreign and Indian “rms poses

dangers to the Nation and all of us. We questioned UIDAI and

governments and failed to receive satisfactory answers. We have

addressed or elected representatives, in Parliament and in the States.

Our approach to Parliament was singularly successful. A Parliament

Standing Committee to which, the National Identi”cation Authority

of India, Bill 2010 was referred trashed the Bill as well as the UID

scheme.

We believe that the truth about UID be told to the people

of India. !is Monograph is the result of our commitment to this

cause. In the Monograph, we present various perspectives of those

who have examined UID, through articles they wrote for us. We

included in the Monograph a few RTI queries and UIDAI’s replies,

to show the scheme up, for what it truly is. We have included

material garnered from the Internet to call attention to the need to

halt the scheme, investigate the inferences that could be drawn from

the information and take an informed decision on the UID scheme.

I have compiled this Monograph with help from the

contributing authors and others.

!ursday, 22 November 2012 Mathew !omas

(Mathew !omas is a former Defence Scientist. He is now a civic activist)

DOWNALOD THE MONOGRAPH BELOW

DOWNLOAD MONOGRAPH HERE

Aadhaar-NPR duplication: A pain, and expensive too


Not only will nearly 600 million people have to queue up twice to enroll for the Aadhaar number and the National Population Register (NPR), they will also have to foot the bill for the duplication.Nine months after a cabinet decision promised to avoid duplication and “avoidable

costs” in creating the NPR and Aadhaar, it has now been revealed that the public exchequer would end up wasting more than Rs. 900 crore on duplicating enrolment details for the two programmes. For, enrolment with or without the biometric factor – i.e. photo, iris scan and ten fingerprints – would cost roughly the same.

The cabinet had in January allowed the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to enrol 600 million people across 18 states, including Delhi, Haryana and Maharashtra. These people had to turn up again when camps for NPR were opened in their locality to provide additional details for the population register.

The government had claimed that duplication would be avoided – and the extra cost too – as people who enrolled for Aadhaar would not have to submit their biometric details again. It had concluded that because of this, vendors wouldn’t have to be paid for the purpose.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Images/Popup/2012/11/30_11_pg13a.jpg

However, private firms who collect biometric details for the NPR have told the government that the cost differential without counting the biometric process would be a mere R3-4 per person. For instance, even if a person comes to the camp without an Aadhaar card, the facility will still have to be made available for him. And the government cannot avoid paying for it.

They pegged the fixed cost account at about 75-80% of their total enrolment cost.

This means that the home ministry – which has to pay about R18-22 per person for capturing biometric and additional details – would still have to shell out about Rs. 14-18.

“They have a point,” a government official said, stating that he had long believed the “ill-conceived” decision in January would end up with thousands of crores of rupees going down the drain.

If the UIDAI was so insistent on enrolling people, the cabinet should have ordered the home ministry as well as the identification authority to adopt the same processes, the official said. “Biometrics apart, today you have a situation where, in 18 states and union territories, UIDAI enrolls a person and collects information across five fields. Then the NPR goes to the same place and seeks information across 10 more fields,” he explained.

In the remaining states, only the NPR camps will be held and the Aadhaar numbers issued on the basis of its database.

 

AADHAAR Project The Flaws And The Pitfalls #UID #Nandanilekani


Publish Date : November 12th, 2012 |  chauthiduniya.com

The Aadhaar Project is a unique identification process which was established in February 2009. The project is implemented by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) which is an agency of the Government of India. The project aims to provide a unique 12 digit ID number to all Indians and the UIDAI will maintain a database of residents containing biometric and other data. The ID number will be stored in a centralised database and then it would be linked to the basic demographics and biometric information like photograph, ten fingerprints and iris of the eye of each and every individual of the country. The verification of the number can be done in a very simple way with the help of online connectivity. It also gives a great opportunity for the Government of India to reduce and eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in Government and private databases. The number which would be provided to an individual by the process of random generation will not be based on any caste, creed, religion and geography.
The main objective of the project is to ensure a form of identity for those people who do not have any identity. The project also aims at providing better delivery of services and effective governance. The total budget for the project is a whopping rupees 18,000 crores. In the 2009-2010 Union Budget, Rs. 100 crore was approved for the project for its first year of existence. The project got a huge boost when an amount of Rs. 1900 crore was approved for the term 2010-2011. For the budget year of 2012-2013, Rs 1758 crore has been approved for the project.

The claimed benefits of the project include :

Aadhaar would be the sole source of identity of verification.
People would be released from the problem of providing supporting identity cards on a repetitive basis for obtaining a passport, opening of bank account, driving license etc.
The poor and the underprivileged residents would be facilitated into the formal banking system and other services provided by the government.
Migrants would be provided with the opportunity of mobility of identity.
There would also be a financial inclusion with a deeper penetration of banks and other financial areas.
However, the Aadhaar project is facing a lot of criticism as well, especially as its benefits are still to be proved. The main criticism has come from the Planning Commission — it has questioned the administrative system of the project. As per the Planning Commission the people sitting at the top positions would not be seated forever and thus the influence of people like Nandan Nilekani would be missed. So a system should be made wherein the entire procedure of selecting the administrators would be fixed and the issuance of cards would be easily understood by individuals who come by in the future. The other criticism is the infringement on the right of privacy of information which is a crucial factor in the life of any individual. The criticism is that there could be a misuse of the personal information, surveillance, profiling, linking and matching of data bases and thus the confidentiality of the information would come under threat. Another major criticism is the high cost that has been approved for the project. The costs that have been approved till date might not be covered by the future revenue that would be produced from this project. The budget for the project is a huge amount and not covering the actual cost would mean a loss of a big number which might even hinder the financial position of the country.

The Aadhaar project is facing a lot of criticism as well, especially as its benefits are still to be proved. The main criticism has come from the Planning Commission – it has questioned the administrative system of the project. Amongst other problems, there could be a misuse of the personal information, surveillance, profiling, linking and matching of data bases and thus the confidentiality of the information would come under threat.

Doubts about the reliability of the biometric methods is another criticism which the project is facing. It is an area of concern that the techniques used for biometrics cannot be relied upon as the testing of the technique has not been done fully. So the main basis of identification comes into a thick cloud as biometrics is going to define the main identity of an individual. Fingerprints are another major area of concern. It is often seen that the finger prints of individuals are not proper and clear at all points of time and thus there might be times when the finger prints would not be of the quality which the project is looking for. Yet another criticism is the time span in the completion of the project. The project would take a lot of time to cover the total population of
the country as there is such a big population, so it becomes even more difficult to complete this process efficaciously. And finally the issuance of the card would mean that no services can be availed in the country without this card . This would become a big problem as the time that would be taken by the project to complete the entire process of distributing identity cards to all the citizens would be lengthy and thus for those still waiting for cards, life could become extremely difficult.